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What is knee osteoarthritis?
Knee osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease which involves inflammation in the knee joint. This can cause swelling and pain. Osteoarthritis - which can also occur in other joints such as the hip and shoulder - is the most common form of arthritis, which is a condition related to ageing or previous injury to a joint.
What causes knee osteoarthritis?
The main cause of knee osteoarthritis is simply ageing. However, aside from age, there are several other factors which are understood to increase the risk of developing osteoarthritis.
These factors include; gender, as women are understood to be more likely to develop the condition; genetics, as an increased risk of knee osteoarthritis, as well as abnormalities in the joint, can be inherited; weight, because pressure on the knee joints can increase risk; and repetitive stress injuries, which can be the result of a specific occupation which applies pressure on the knee joint repeatedly, or sports which have the same effect, such as running, tennis or football.
Symptoms of knee osteoarthritis
Treatment options for knee osteoarthritis
The main treatments used to address knee osteoarthritis include non-surgical steps such as; losing weight, to decrease the painful symptoms of the condition and exercise, in order to strengthen the muscles around the knee joint and increase stability.
Medication for knee osteoarthritis?
Surgery for knee osteoarthritis
For cases in which several of the treatments outlined above have proven ineffective, surgery can be considered a good option. Common types of treatment for knee osteoarthritis include arthroplasty or joint replacement, and osteotomy, where the bone is cut and re-set to take pressure off the joint
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